Erectile dysfunction, also known as male impotence, refers to a man's inability to maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse. Most men go through brief periods of erectile difficulty which is not necessarily a cause for concern. However, if the inability to achieve or maintain an erection lasts for more than a few weeks or months, medical help is available. necessary. In fact, erectile dysfunction can cause certain problems, such as stress, anxiety and lack of self-confidence, leading to an impact on certain relationships, especially between couples.
What are the signs and symptoms of erectile dysfunction?
Erectile dysfunction manifests as difficulty getting an erection, inability to maintain it, or decreased libido. It's normal if it only comes infrequently and doesn't last long. Because the majority of men go through this period from time to time. On the other hand, it becomes a real health problem if it is regular.
When to consult a doctor?
If the emergency continues for more than a few weeks, the person should see a doctor. the latter will assess their overall health, as it may be a sign of a more serious health condition, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, or something else. There are also many websites that can provide solution to solve erectile dysfunction, but they more suitable to consult a doctor specialized in this field on the spot or local.
What are the causes of erectile dysfunction?
There is a normal erection, when a man feels or sees something that stimulates him sexually. Specifically, his brain sends a signal that prompts the muscles in his penis to relax, causing the corpora cavernosa, or the two tubes that run the length of the penis, to become engorged (filling with blood). This prompts the penis to grow and harden. As the corpora cavernosa enlarge, they press against the veins that carry blood from the penis, effectively blocking them and so that the penis gets a good erection without any problem. If any of this mechanism does not occur normally, there will be erectile dysfunction. It is primarily a problem with blood flow to the penis. In many cases, there is an underlying health problem or also another cause related to blood flow to other parts of the body or related to the nervous system. If sexual desire or libido is reduced, the brain is less likely to trigger an erection.
The physical causes of erectile dysfunction
There are four main types of physical causes:
Anatomical: there is something wrong with the physical structure of the penis Hormonal: hormone levels are not good Neurogenic: the nervous system is affected (brain, nerves and spinal cord) Vasculogen: blood flow in the penis is affected
Other possible physical causes:
– Alcohol and tobacco. – Atherosclerosis (clogged blood vessels). – Diabetes. – Prostate disease and its treatment. – Heart disease. – Hypertension. – Injuries to the pelvic region or spinal cord. Hormonal disorders. – Kidney disease. – The metabolic syndrome. – Obesity. – Prolonged cycling (nerves that affect blood flow to the penis can become compressed, leading to a temporary problem.) – Abuse of substances or certain medications. – Surgery in the pelvic region or spinal cord.
The psychological causes of erectile dysfunction
Anxiety, stress, depression, fatigue and relationship problems are most often a cause factor of male impotence. Sometimes erectile dysfunction is the combination of physical and psychological causes. For example, a person with diabetes who begins to have erection problems may become anxious and stressed about it. The combination of diabetes and stress can make erectile dysfunction worse.
Treatment options for erectile dysfunction?
If there are any underlying health issues, the doctor makes sure the patient is getting the right treatment for them. Sometimes just treating the health issue solves erection concerns. In the event that there are no underlying factors, there are several possible treatments. But it depends on the symptoms and depending on its severity of the emergency and the patient's state of health and age. A good doctor should clearly explain the risks and benefits of any treatment that is offered.
Lifestyle change: Some lifestyle changes can improve symptoms and sometimes cure them completely. Such as playing sports, reducing stress, avoiding alcohol and tobacco. If the patient is overweight or obese, weight loss can really help. These lifestyle changes are not only likely to improve the erection of the patient, but also to improve his overall health. Medications: The most common medications to treat erectile dysfunction are phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitors. For example Viagra (Sildenafil), Levitra (Vardenafil) Cialis (Tadalafil), or male extra which remains the product copy without side effects. These drugs mimic the effects of nitric oxide, which the body produces; relaxes the muscles of the penis resulting in more blood flow and an erection, but it can cause side effects and is not suitable for all men.
Vacuum pumps : a plastic tube is connected to a pump. The man places his penis inside and the air is pumped out of the tube by batteries or by the use of a hand pump. The vacuum draws blood to the penis, causing an erection. The man then puts a rubber ring at the base of his penis to keep the blood there. In most cases, an erection can be maintained for around 30 minutes. They are generally effective for around 90% of men with erectile dysfunction.
Injection or pellets: A synthetic hormone called alprostadil is injected into the penis (intracavernous injection), or a pellet is placed inside the urethra. This medication helps improve blood flow to the penis. An erection usually occurs within 15 minutes.